Sugesti Aliftitah


Introduction: Stress cause nursing students change of behaviour e.g derivation of interest and activity, absent or late, Inclined to express cynicism to another, anger, shyness, dissappointed, frustrated, confused, pesimistic and weakening of responsibility. The early study of 12 nursing students  in health faculty of wiraraja university,  didn’t have enthusiasm in class 58,3% , anxiety 33,3 %, physically derangement (feeling sick, headache. etc) 42%, sleep disturbance or insomnia 67%. If the stress condition couldn’t get over with or advanced, it can be directed to burnout. This study aims to explain the effect of Solution Focused Brief Counselling (SFBC) to prevent burnout syndrome of nursing students in the final semester.

Method: This is a quasi-experimental study with pretest - posttest control group design. Sample amount was 40 enrolled by means of simple random  sampling technique. Sample was divided into two groups: treatment and control groups. Independent variable was Solution Focused Brief Counselling (SFBC) while dependent variables were burnout syndrome. Instruments used were MBI-SS with 16 question. Data analysis was using descriptive statistic, Paired t-test, Independent T-Test; α<0.05.

Result and Discussion: Paired T test showed that treatment group before and after intervention was significant (p < 0,05). It means there was significant differences before and after intervention in treatment group. The control group before and after got motivation from academic adviser was significant (p < 0,05). It means there was significant differences before and after intervention in control group. The paired t test of each burnout dimension were significant except in professional efficacy dimension in treatment group. The result of this study suggests that Teachers, may enable to motivate and counsel the student with high risk of burnout. It will be advantageous, if teachers have capability to give counselling especially SFBC technic by participating in counselling workshop.

Full Text:



Abraham, C Skalay, 1997, Psikologi Sosial untuk Burnout (Terjemahan Leony S. M.), Jakarta: EGC

Agustin, Mubiar. (2009). Model Konseling Kognitif-Perilaku Untuk Menangani Burnout pada Mahasiswa (Disertasi). Bandung : PPS UPI

Bahrer, S. 2013. Burnout for Expert ; Prevention in The Context of Living and Working. New York: Springer New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London

Baker, Mary L, 2012, “ Nursing Student Stress and Demographic Factors”, Thesis Master, California State University, San Marcos

Bannink, F.P. &Jackson , P.Z.(2011).Positive Psychology and Solution Focus – looking at similarities and differences. Interaction: The Journal of Solution Focus in Organisations, 3, 1, 8–20.

Buku Petunjuk Akademik tahun akademik 2014/2015, Sumenep: Universitas Wiraraja

Burns, Kidge. 2005. Focus On Solutions A Health Professional`S Guide. London: Whurr Publishers

Capuzzi, D. & Gross, D.R. 2009. Introduction to the Counseling Profession. Columbus, Ohio: Pearson.

Cavus. 2010. “The Impact of Structural & Psychological Empowerment on Burnout. Canadian Social Science 6 (4). Hlm 63-72

Charlesworth, J.R. & Jackson, C.M. 2004. Solution-Focused Brief Counseling: An Approach for Professional School Counselors. Dalam Erford, B.T. (ed.). Professional School Counseling: A Handbook of Theories, Programs and Practices. Austin, TX: Caps Press.

Cherniss. (1980). Staff Burnout Job Stress in the Human Services. London : Sage Publications

Chou, Shirley. (2003). The Relationship Between Organizational Commitment and Burnout, Dissertation. Alliant International University Los Angeles

Corey, Gerald. 2009. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy Eigh Edition. USA: Thomson Higher education.

Daki, J., Savage. S. R, (2010). Solution Focused Brief Therapy; Impact on Academic and Emotional Difficulties. The Journal of Educational Research.103.309-326

De Shazer,(2007). More Than Miracle: The state of the art of solution-focused brief therapy. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Farber, B.A. (1991). Crisis in Education: Stress and Burnout in The American Teacher, San Fransisco: Jossey Bass

Franklin, C., Streeter, L.C., Kim, S. J., Tripodi. J. S. (2007). The Effectiveness of a Solution Focused Brief, Public Alternative School for Dropout Prevention and Retrieval. Proquest Psychology Journals, Children & School 29 (3), 133-144

Franklin, C., Moore. K., Hopson L.(2008). Effectiveness of solution focused brief therapy in a school setting. Proquest Psychology Journals, Children & School, 30 (1), 15-26

Freudenberger, J, 1974, “Staff Burnout”. Journal of Social Issues. Hal: 159-165

Haire,I.M.(2009).A Literature Review Of Solution-Focused Art Therapy.Letter of intent. CAAP Final Project Requirement

Irawati, E, 2012, Burnout Syndrom pada Mahasiswa Reguler Program Profesi Ners Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Airlangga Berdasarkan Analisis Faktor Perilaku dan Lingkungan, Skripsi, Universitas Airlangga; Surabaya

Jackson, Paul. & Mc.Kergow, Mark. 2007. The Solusion Focus (Second Edition). London: Nicholas Brealey International

Jacobs. (2003). Student Burnout as a Function Personality, Social Support, and Work Load. Journal of Collage Development. [Online]. Tersedia : [14 Desember 2014]

Kelly, M. 2008. Solution Focused Brief Therapy In Schools. New York: Oxford University Press

Kozier, B. (1999). Fundamental of Nursing: Concept, Process, and Practice. Jakarta: EGC

Lightsey, R. O. Jr & C.D. Hulsey. (2002). Impulsivity, Coping Stress, Burnout and Problem Gambling Among University Students. Journal of Couseling Psychology. Vol. 49. No.2. PP. 202-211.

Maslach, C. (1982). Understanding Burnout: Definition Issues in Analysing a Complex Phenomenon. Dalam W.S. Pain Job Stress Burnout. Beverly Hills: Sage Publication

Maslach, C .(1997). Maslach Burnout Inventory. California: Consulting Psychology Press

Maslach, C. & Leiter, M.P. (1997). The truth about burnout. San Francisco: Jossey Bass

Maslach, C. (2001), “Job Burnout”. Annual Review of Psychology, diakses 8 Januari 2015,

Maslach, C, Jackson, S & Leiter, M .(2003). Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual. California: CPP

Maslach, C. (2004). Different Perspectives on Job Burnout. Contemporary Psychology. APA Review Of Books. Hlm.168-170

Maslach, C.& Leiter, M.P, (2005). Banishing Burnout: Six Strategies for Improving Your Relationship with Work. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Nursalam, 2008, Konsep dan Penerapan Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan Pedoman Skripsi, Tesis dan Instrumen Penelitian Keperawatan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika

Nystul, M.S. 2006. Introduction to Counseling: An Art and Science Perspective. Boston: Pearson.

O’Connel, B.(2001). Solution-Focused Stress Counselling. London: Continuum

Palmer, Stephen. 2011. Introduction to Counselling and Psychotherapy (terjemahan). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Salmela-Aro, K., Savolainen, H. & Holopainen,L.(2009). Depressive Symptoms and School Burnout During Adolescence : Evidence from two cross-lagged longitudinal studies. Journal of Psychology, 4, 310-330.

Schaufeli .(2002). Burnout And Engagement In University Students, A Cross-National Study. Journal Of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 33 No. 5, September 2002 464-481

Schaufeli, W.B., Taris, T.W. & Van Rhenen, W. (2008). Workaholism, burnout and engagement: Three of a kind or three different kinds of employee well-being?.Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 173-203.

Schaufeli,W. B., Leiter,M. P., Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1996). Maslach Burnout Inventory–General Survey. In C. Maslach, S. E. Jackson, & M. P. Leiter (Eds.), The Maslach Burnout Inventory—Test manual (3rd ed.).Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Seligman, L. 2006. Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Columbus, Ohio: Pearson Merril Prentice Hall.

Silvar, Branko. (2001). The syndrome of burnout, self-image, and anxiety with grammar school students. Journal of Psychology. Vol. 10. No. 2. PP. 21-32. Board of Education of the Republic of Slovenia

Skovholt, (2003). Student Learning Burnout Studied. Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Human Service.

Slivar, B. (2001). The syndrome of burnout, self-image, and anxiety with grammar school students. Horizons of Psychology, 10, 2, 21-32.

Smet, B. (1994). Psikologi Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia

Spielberger, C.D & Sarason, I.(2005). Stress and Emotion: Anxiety,Anger, and Curiosity. Vol.17.New York : Routledge

Stuart, G.W. (2005). Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing 8th edition. Missouri: Elsevier Mosby

Taylor L, La Mone. (1997). Fundamental of Nursing : The Art and Science of Nursing Care. 3rd edition. Philadelpia: Lippincott

Yusuf, S. (2004). Psikologi Perkembangan Anak dan Remaja. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya



  • There are currently no refbacks.

google scholar  crossref  GarudaISJD  



Creative Commons License
journal wiraraja medika, 
P-ISSN : 2088-405X:  2356-2919 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats